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About New York

Suffolk County, New York was named for the county of Suffolk in England, from which its earliest settlers came. When it was officially formed in 1683, English settlers already had been living on the East End for more than 40 years. 18 th century Suffolk did well with its fishing, farming, lumbering and other colonial trades. They kept closer ties with their New England neighbors to the north than they did with the rest of New York. Suffolk became quite prominent in whaling due to its prime north Atlantic location.

When the Long Island Rail Road was completed in1844, thousands of city residents seeking summer fun headed east on Long Island. Many of them stayed in Suffolk County, NY and the landscape started to change. Numerous industries were starting up fueled by the inrush of immigrants to the area. When World War II started, the farming and fishing that had sustained the area residents for so long were being forced out by much needed defense manufacturing. The 1950’s saw the Suffolk County, New York population swell and the suburban revolution was in full swing.

In recent years, as western Suffolk County, NY has become more suburbanized, people living in the more rural East End of the island have been talking about dividing Suffolk into two counties. The easternmost part of Suffolk County would be named Peconic County, after the Peconic Bay. Supporters of the idea believe that this would create a more efficient and responsive government and would give them a larger voice than they currently have in Suffolk County, NY, as well as lower taxes. Peconic County would tentatively include the towns of East Hampton, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Southampton and Southold.

Suffolk County, New York occupies the easternmost portion of Long Island, in the southeastern portion of New York State. The eastern end of the county splits into two peninsulas known as the North and South Fork and contains large bays. Suffolk County, NY is surrounded by water on three sides, by the Atlantic Ocean and the Long Island Sound. The county seat is Riverhead, but most county offices are located in Hauppauge on the west side of the county where the majority of the population lives. Suffolk County, New York is divided into 10 towns: Babylon, Brookhaven, East Hampton, Huntington, Islip, Riverhead, Shelter Island, Smithtown, Southampton, and Southold. Suffolk and Nassau counties are generally referred to together as Long Island.

Two major facilities in Suffolk County, NY are the Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton and Plum Island Animal Disease Center. Several airports serve commuters and two are specially designed for business travelers. Long Island MacArthur Airport in Ronkonkoma, Republic Airport in East Farmingdale, and Francis S. Gabreski Airport in Westhampton Beach are all highly rated facilities.

Suffolk County, New York is home to numerous colleges and universities, including the State University of New York at Stony Brook, Dowling College, Southampton College, Saint Joseph's College and Suffolk County Community College.

Located within the borders of Suffolk County, NY are two Indian reservations, the Shinnecock and Poospatuck Reservations. The Shinnecocks are one of the oldest continuously self-governing tribes in America.

The 2000 U.S. Census shows the population of this 911 square mile county to be 1,419,369 persons with an estimated population for 2004 of 1,475,488, or a 4% increase. The previous decade from 1990 to 2000 showed a population growth of 7.4%. With very few multi-unit structures, the home ownership rate is at 80%.

Suffolk County, NY is a bedroom community for those working in the city at the western end of Long Island, a vacation getaway for those who live in the city, and a rural setting for the east enders who call Suffolk home.

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